write an article on Drunk Drivers Penalty. I

Hello, I am looking for someone to write an article on Drunk Drivers Penalty. It needs to be at least 1500 words. Mothers Against Drunk Driving often argues, state-to-state laws on how to punish and handle drunk driving cases are not effective as they can be in limiting the number of traffic fatalities each year due to driving under the influence of alcohol. For Cari Lightner, who was struck and killed by a driver with four prior DWI arrests, including one only two days prior, tougher laws may have prevented an unnecessary casualty. For the purposes of deterrence, a harsher penalty including imprisonment should be mandatory for first-offense drunk drivers.

In the United States, drunk driving is the act of operating a vehicle while having blood alcohol content (BAC) of higher than 0.08%. In 2008, nearly 32 percent of all traffic-related deaths (12,000 in total) resulted from alcohol-related crashes (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis). Between 1980 and 1985, almost 700 state-level drunken driving laws were passed, mostly due to the moralistic guidance of Mothers Against Drunk Driving, which decreased the number of traffic-related fatalities to 17,000 per year (Lerner). Nevertheless, between 1985 and 2008, drunk driving-related deaths has bottomed at 12,000, meaning additional measures are necessary to reduce unnecessary deaths.

In 1994, Rutgers University philosopher Douglas N. Husak asked the question, “Is drunk driving a serious offense?” The popular perception, according to Husak, is that drunk drivers are not punished to the extent that they deserve, and that the justice system has failed to respond according to the wishes of society. The failure to respond may be attributable to the tendency of drunk drivers to be middle- to upper-class white males: respected leaders in the community.

 
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biological and psychological methods of stress management

Write 7 pages thesis on the topic biological and psychological methods of stress management.

Psychological stress management involves the attempt to reduce the psychological effects of stress while biological stress management involves the attempt to reduce the biological effects of stress management. Psychological researchers have found out that the psychological stress reduction methods include: relaxation, physical activity and exercise, cognitive techniques, increasing hardiness, and stress inoculation therapy. On the other hand, biological methods of stress management include the use of drug therapies.

Biological research shows that stress can be managed mainly by using drug therapy methods. Research indicates that drugs control biological effects of stress. hence they can help in stress management. Two main categories of research can be used to manage stress: Beta-Blockers (BBs) and Benzodiazepines (BZs). Beta-blockers reduce the effects of Adrenaline while Benzodiazepines causes a natural anti-anxiety substance to reduce stress.One group of the researchers who contributed to biological methods of stress management is Kahn et al (1986).

The researchers conducted a research involving 250 patients over eight weeks. They tested the effectiveness of anxiety related to stress. The researchers grouped the people into two groups. One group of people with anxiety was given a drug while the other group was given a placebo. Placebo is a substance with no effects on the body. In the experiment, both groups of patients were given medications without knowing whether it is because of the pharmacological properties or due to psychological factors.

The research found out that Benzodiazepine is more effective in managing stress than placebo. BZ reduces the disabling effects of anxiety quickly. BZs catalyze the action of GABA, a form of natural anxiety relief. As a result, a person becomes calmer. Research also indicates that BZs reduce the activity of Serotonin which causes anxiety in the body. Hildago et al (2001) used a Meta-analysis approach to study the effectiveness of BZs in the reduction of anxiety, and they found out that BZs reduced stress more than any other anti-depressant.

 
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Elements to include: 1. Identify a question or issue and demonstrate why i

Elements to include:
1.
Identify
a question or issue and demonstrate why it is important.
2.
Make
an argument: what is the answer to your question? What is the story?
3.
Explain
your case selection process. Why did you choose the country/countries that you
did to answer your question?
4.
Apply
concepts learnt in class to this particular case, accurately.
5.
Test
a hypothesis by marshalling evidence that can discriminate between theories.
Cite reliable, fact-based sources as evidence for your argument. This may
include readings from class, but ideally you should also look for outside
evidence in academic journals/books, think tank reports, etc.
6.
The
essay should flow and be logically connected, from an introduction to the
evidence to the conclusion.
Some no-nos:
·
“Since
the dawn of time” language
·
Block
quotes
·
Bizarrely
long in-text citations
·
5
paragraph essays, page-long paragraphs, run-on sentences
·
Stating
facts, dates, statistics that are not common knowledge without citing a
source—as a rule, anything that is not common knowledge needs a citation
·
Switching
between citation styles

 
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Show a picture of each of the five senses. Discuss how sensory stimuli, sensory receptors, sensory reception and sensory perception enables each of the five senses

 

 Show a picture of each of the five senses. Discuss how sensory stimuli, sensory receptors, sensory reception and sensory perception enables each of the five senses to protect us from danger via neural impulse interaction between the brain, body, and central nervous system. Elaborate on the brain lobes and their functions.

Provide APA reference citations to credit the sources that you borrowed information from to complete this assignment. Refer to the Owl of Purdue Website for information on the APA guidelines for citing references and reference lists: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

 
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