You overhear psychology students preparing for a test. They note that one of the research methods often “fails to generalize.” Which method is the MOST likely topic of their discussion?

You overhear psychology students preparing for a
test. They note that one of the research methods often “fails to generalize.”
Which method is the MOST likely topic of their discussion?

a)
correlation

b)
case study

c)
experiment

d)
surveys

122. A psychologist evaluated Tameka, an
eight-year-old child who has experienced difficulty in school. The psychologist
sent questionnaires to 100 teachers to determine if they had ever seen similar
cases. Based on the teachers’ responses, the psychologist hypothesized that a
particular diet might cause the learning problem. Following her tabulation of
the responses, she designed a study that would tell her if diet were the actual
cause. Which of the following lists, in order from first to last, the research
methods this psychologist used?

a)
experiment, case study, survey

b)
case study, survey, experiment

c)
correlation, case study, experiment

d)
naturalistic observation, survey, experiment

123. In preparation for his master’s thesis, Tan
spends some time in the local mall observing the behavior of shoppers. His
notes reveal a tendency for people to smile when someone, even a stranger,
smiles at them. Later in the semester, he designs a questionnaire that asks
questions of participants concerning their typical reactions when someone
smiles. He wonders if the face of a person who smiles has any influence on
returned smiles, so he designs a study to answer this question. Which of the
following lists in order, from first to last, the research methods Tan has
used?

a)
experiment, case study, survey

b)
case study, survey, experiment

c)
correlation, case study, experiment

d)
naturalistic observation, survey, experiment

124. Which of the following questions could be
answered best by using the survey method?

a)
What is the effect of ingesting alcohol on problem-solving ability?

b)
Does wall color affect the frequency of violence in prison populations?

c)
Do students prefer a grading system with or without pluses and minuses?

d) What is
the relationship between number of hours of study per week and grade

point average?

125. Surveys, as discussed
in the text, are associated most with:

a) correlational
research.

b) descriptive
research.

c) inferential
research.

d) experimental
research.

126. A researcher stops people at the mall and asks
them questions about their attitudes toward gun control. Which research
technique is being used?

a)
survey

b)
experiment

c)
case study

d)
naturalistic observation

127. A group of randomly selected subjects for a study
that matches the population on

important characteristics such as age and sex is
called __________________.

a) volunteer bias

b) a
representative sample

c) the experimental
group

I

d) the control
group

128.
Dr. Wiseman wants to know about the alcohol consumption patterns among college
juniors in the United States. He should ________________________.

a) give the survey
to every college junior in the country

b) remember that
sample size is the most critical factor in survey research

c) require
students’ names on each survey to avoid the tendency to lie

d) draw a
representative sample among college juniors

129.
The editors of Scientific American
are able to obtain a representative sample of their readers in order to assess
their attitudes toward preservation of the rain forests in Costa Rica. When
interpreting the results of their survey, the editors will be able to
______________.

a) apply the
results to the entire U.S. population

b) apply the
results to Costa Rica

c) apply the
results to subscribers of Scientific
American

d) apply the
result to scientists

130. The magazine Desperate
Wives
 publishes a survey of its female readers called “The Sex Life of the
American Wife.” It reports that 87 percent of all wives like to make love in
rubber boots. The critical flaw in this research would be ______________.

a) the fact that
the sample is not representative of American wives

b) the fact that a
psychological test, rather than a survey, should have been given

c) the fact that
rubber boots are not equally available in all regions of the country

d) the fact that making love has not been operationally
defined

 
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