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Sleep and depression are closely related. Research affirms that most people suffering from depression have poor sleeping behaviors. Besides, the act of sleep deprivation can lead to the amplification of depressive symptoms. Therefore, insufficient sleep is likely to affect the quality of life one has. Problems of depression are likely to start when one starts experiencing insomnia problems. Lack of sleep can be caused by drug and substance use, diseases, sleeping disorders like insomnia and sleep apnea, and aging. People of the higher age brackets are more likely to lack sleep because of their medication or other health-related problems. When a person starts experiencing sleep loss, it is crucial to seek medical treatment as soon as possible to avoid severe consequences like depression, which can lead to suicide or permanent health conditions. This report will address the correlation between sleep and depression among global demographics.
Sleep deprivation can cause severe challenges such as energy fluctuations. Besides, sleep deprivation could trigger conditions such as feeling tired, lethargic feelings, and unmotivated at work, classroom, and residence. During the day, individuals may have cravings for sugar, caffeine, or naps. Difficulties with psychological health are also another prime condition, as Khemka et al. (2020) articulated. Additionally, sleep deprivation causes mood swings and emotional instability, increment one’s risk of mental health problems due to anxiety, impairs one’s resilience, and problem-solving potential, and manages painful feelings. Sleep deprivation could cause brain damage and delusions in severe cases based on hallucinations. The other impact experienced by sleep deprivation is lowered immune system potential. As a result, individuals could be more susceptible to colds, infectious diseases, or respiratory illnesses.
There are numerous reasons why individuals may not be spending the night well enough, varying from one’s daytime behaviors and sleeping atmosphere to disruptions in one’s routine caused by stress, travel, or disease, among other conditions. By identifying the source of your lack of sleep, you can begin to address the issue and get the rest your body and mind require. Uncontrolled stress and worry We live in troubling times, and many of us are concerned about our jobs, financial affairs, and the health and wellbeing of ourselves or our family members. In addition, you have some other small details to draw attention away during the day, so it’s not until you lie down at night that you are eventually alone with your worrying feelings.
Sleep deprivation can have short-term and long-term effects on your health; one may experience a lack of alertness in their daily schedule, like missing school or classes and missing lunch periods. Insufficient attention may impact how your day will take shape and how you will feel and may have dire consequences if not well dealt with. Another effect is excessive daytime sleeping to cater for the sleep time you miss during the day, and as a result, one may have to cancel necessary plans for the day. Also, it affects the relationship status with the people around you. Insufficient sleep can make you feel moody, and one is prone to cause conflicts with others; as a result, other people may exclude themselves from you to avoid your moody conditions.
The quality of life one leads is likely to derivate because one may become less concerned with regular daily activities like exercising, eating, and enjoying friends’ company. In addition, it can affect one’s appearance by developing wrinkles prematurely and dark circles in the region of your eyes (Killgore, 2010). Other serious health effects include the potential development of chronic health conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, heart attack, stroke, obesity, and reduced immune function. These are long-term effects, and some irreversible depression is a mental health condition rampant among teenagers and students in general and mostly goes unnoticed and can have profound effects. It affects the student’s self-esteem such that they regard themselves as lowly and could affect how this particular student behaves around other students. They always feel low about themselves, and mostly, they end up not opening their issues to others, and they become introverts (Khemka et al., 2020). The student can also become easily enraged or irritable and could have problems with the teachers such that they can cause fights with the teachers and often do not accept corrections.
Depression can cause fatigue because it brings about sleeping disorders, and therefore the student will always feel the urge to sleep in class or even miss classes to rest. Concentration in class is bound to become minimal due to the lack of sleep and other effects. Due to this, the academic capability of these students will decline, with their results deteriorating every time because depression has caused a compromise on their ability to concentrate (Parveen, 2007). One of the direst consequences of depression is suicide. The depression levels could worsen if not noticed, and the student could feel the need to take away their life to end his suffering. The suicide can take place on the school premises or at home. Therefore, all stakeholders involved, like parents, guardians, teachers, and friends, must take note of depression cases and help the affected before the worst happens.
Some of the ways to help students with depression include letting everybody be equipped with how to identify depression cases and how to deal with them. It is sad to note that even the teachers themselves do not know how to deal with depression in some schools. Let the students be taught the need to open on issues that affect them to their teachers or friends. Also, let the school have a practical and working guidance and counseling department to help. Teachers should develop a conducive environment between themselves and the students to encourage students to approach them quickly in case of any need they have. Negative strategies like punishment, mocking, and aggression should be avoided because they worsen the situation. For example, if a student fails tests continuously, the teacher should take it upon himself to discover why. In case of any mistakes from the students, let the tutor talk to them calmly instead of mocking them or sending out negative, sarcastic comments in front of other students. Such behaviors may worsen the situation. Another way to combat depression among students is by encouraging them to shun drug and substance abuse and having strategies that discourage their use (Chen, 2020). Also, encourage the students to have proper nutrition and practice healthy behaviors like having enough sleep and exercising.
Some of the causes of sleep deprivation and depression include problems in family-like poverty and marital conflicts that affect a person mentally to the extent of overthinking it. It becomes so attached to the affected person that they end up deep in thoughts and emotions without getting any solution. Abuse like gender-based violence through actions like sexual abuse, physical abuse, or emotional abuse can trigger depression and sleep disorders. Physical abuse through beatings from bullying or even relationship partners, sexual abuse through rape or sodomy can cause depression, especially when the affected person is adamant about talking to other people about what befell him. Certain medical conditions can alter an individual’s sleeping patterns to the extent that they lack substantial sleep and increase the risk of getting depressed. Grief from the loss of a loved one or experiencing traumatic events in your life like accidents can also cause depression. If there is a family history of depression, then it is possible that the current generation of offspring to get depression also. These single genes can contribute to disease risks and other severe effects.
One thing about depression and sleep deprivation is that they are treatable and affected individuals should not shy away from getting medical attention before the situation worsens. It is the responsibility of everybody to be our brother’s keeper to avoid losing friends and family members to these two conditions. Depression and sleep disorders are two complex disorders that need everyone to be careful about when handling them; therefore, a person detaches himself from things that cause harm to his mental wellbeing. The severity of the condition determines the intervention for depressive episodes. For example, in treating mental illness conditions showing depression, psychotherapy (talk treatment or counseling services) applied in combination with prescription drugs (antidepressants) are incredibly efficient. Antidepressants alleviate feelings of loneliness or despair, while psychotherapy improves resilience and helps overcome negative thoughts and perceptions emanating from depression or anxiety.
In summary, research articulates a strong correlation between sleep quality and depression. Sleeping interferences have been considered a risk factor for depressive episodes in various research findings. It is completely accurate that they can take place in demographic categories of all groups, ranging from childhood to adulthood. A few researchers have also indicated that sleeping problems can exacerbate depression. According to the research findings, there is a need for extensive studies to shed light on the interconnections between depression and sleep disruption. This should investigate whether disturbed sleep is a genuine risk factor for depressive mental symptoms. To prevent or reduce the later consequences of either of the two situations, evidence-based practices and therapeutic interventions involving cognitive and behavioral elements should be started earlier.
Chen, W., Cahaus, A., He, Z. (2020). Relationship of Physical Activity and Sleep with Depression in College students. Journal of American college.
Khemka, P., Puja, B., Raj, J. (2020). Causes of sleep deprivation and its effects on performance and mental health. Indian Journal of Health and wellbeing. Vol 11: 437-442
Killgore, W. (2010). Effects of sleep deprivation on cognition. Journal on progress in brain research in 2010.
Parveen, Q., Khurshid, S., Yousuf, M., Chaudhry, A. (2007). Effects of Depression on students. Psychiatry-eprints.uny.ac.id.
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