Which of the following approaches would allow an understanding of how abnormal behavior varies in severity over time, perhaps increasing and decreasing, or how behaviors change from one disorder to another?

Which of the
following approaches would allow an understanding of how abnormal behavior
varies in severity over time, perhaps increasing and decreasing, or how
behaviors change from one disorder to another?

A) categorical

B) dimensional

C) orthogonal

D) rational

16) William is a
well-educated 40-year-old man who suffers from schizophrenic disorder.
Originally, he was employed as a computer programmer, but he was fired two
months ago because of chronic absenteeism. For the last several weeks he has
been homeless. He sleeps at night in a cardboard box behind a Dunkin Donut
after closing time. Which of the following terms is used to describe William’s
current plight?

A) Downward
shift

B) Downward
drift

C) Downward
SES

D) Downward
trajectory

17) A study in
your text addressing the relationship between SES and the likelihood of
developing a psychological disorder among children found that

A) children from different SES groups develop
psychological disorders at different rates.

B) children
at particular ages develop psychological disorders at different rates.

C) children
from all SES groups develop psychological disorders at the same rates.

D) children
of middle-income parents have the lowest rates of illness.

18) The concept of
“developmental trajectory” expresses the notion that

A) symptoms
of a disorder are always most severe in childhood.

B) symptoms
of a disorder may vary depending on a person’s age.

C) age
determines the presence of a disorder but not symptom expression.

D) a
person’s developmental stage has little bearing on a given diagnosis.

19) Which of the
following statements about differences found in the rates of psychological
disorders in boys and girls at different ages is TRUE?

A) Both
boys and girls peak at approximately the same age.

B) Boys
peak at age 13 but girls peak much earlier.

C) Boys
peak at approximately age 9 or 10 but girls peak in their early 20s.

D) Boys
peak around age 10 but girls reach their peak around age 16.

20) Trephination,
as practiced by ancient cultures, was a process whereby

A) the
two halves of the brain were severed.

B) a
small opening was made in the eye socket.

C) the
inner ear was punctured with a sharp object.

D) certain
portions of the skull were cut away.

 
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