What are the basic elements of a real-world experiment?

Brock is the star
quarterback on his college football team. When scoring his first test, his
anatomy professor was surprised that he earned an “A+” because ________________.

a)
research suggests that athletes have poorer performance on tests than non-athletes

b)
research suggests that athletes do not spend as much time studying than
non-athletes

c)
research suggests that football stars often cheat to find academic
success

d)
research suggests that athletes have higher performance on tests than
non-athletes

182. Rob was named to the
first team all-American basketball team last year. However, he is academically
ineligible to play this year due to failing several classes. As a result, he
is ________________.

a) supporting the idea that collegiate
student athletes are not as smart as non-athletes

b) supporting the idea that professors are
bias in grading assignments of collegiate student athletes

c) supporting the idea that negative
stereotypes exist for collegiate student athletes that they are likely to
perform poorly in academics compared to non-athletes

d) supporting the idea that athletes have
higher GPAs than non-athletes

183. Wesleyan University
researchers Jamison and colleagues conducted a study to explore the negative
stereotypes of collegiate athletes as “dumb jocks.” In their study, the
researchers found ________________.

a) a correlation between collegiate athletes
exposure to the negative stereotypes, the better they performed on an
intelligence tests

b) negative stereotypes in higher education
may contribute to collegiate student athletes underperforming in academics

c) collegiate student athletes performed
better in the classroom if they were made aware of the impact of negative
stereotypes

d) professors often excuse absences by
collegiate student athletes who miss class due to attending practices

Ethics of Psychological Research

Learning Objective 1.13 – What are some ethical concerns that can occur when
conducting research with people and animals?

184. Each of the following
is a common ethical guideline suggested by the American Psychological
Association EXCEPT ______.

a) participants must be informed of the
nature of the research in clearly

understandable
language

b) participants cannot be deceived or have
information concealed from them at any

time during an
experiment

c) risks, possible adverse effects, and
limitations on confidentiality must be spelled out in advance

d) informed consent must be documented

185. Each of the following
is a common ethical guideline suggested by the American Psychological
Association EXCEPT __________________.

a) participants may withdraw at any time

b) investigators must debrief participants

c) parents of infant participants must be
informed about the study

d) debriefing may be omitted when young
children are involved

186. Each of the following
is a common ethical guideline suggested by the American Psychological
Association EXCEPT ___________________.

a) data remain confidential

b) participants cannot be deceived about
aspects of the research that would affect their willingness to

participate, such as risks of unpleasant
emotional experiences

c) participants cannot be subjected to any
physically or emotionally painful stimuli

d) deception must be justified

187. Which of the following
is a common ethical guideline suggested by the American Psychological
Association? a) Participants may not withdraw once they
start.

b) Participants cannot be deceived about
aspects of the research.

c) Participants cannot be subjected to any
physically or emotionally painful stimuli.

d) Deception must be justified.

188. Which of the following
is a common ethical guideline suggested by the American Psychological
Association? a)
Participants may not withdraw once they start.

b) Participants must be allowed to make an
informed decision.

c) Participants cannot be subjected to
shock of any kind.

d) Participants cannot be deceived about
aspects of the research.

189. Experimenters can
justify the use of deception because
___________.

a) there is informed consent

b) research is more important than people

c) it may be necessary for the experiment
to work

d) it is not that harmful

190. Which of the following
statements about research with animals is incorrect?

a) Animals are no longer allowed to be
used in research in which it would be clearly unethical to use

humans.

 
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