The question “What is happening?” refers to which of the following goals in psychology?

The
question “What is happening?” refers to which of the following goals in
psychology?

a) description

b) explanation

c) prediction

d) control

12. The
question “Why is it happening?” refers to which of the following goals in
psychology?

a) description

b) explanation

c) prediction

d) control

13. The
question “When will it happen again?” refers to which of the following goals in
psychology?

a) description

b) explanation

c) prediction

d) control

14. Psychologists who give
potential employees tests that determine what kind of job those employees might
best perform are interested in the goal of
_____________.

a) description

b) explanation

c) prediction

d)
control

15.
Description is to assessment as _________ is to prognosis.

a) prediction

b)
explanation

c) indication

d) control

16. The
question “How can it be changed?” refers to which of the following goals in
psychology?

a) description

b) explanation

c) prediction

.

d) control

Psychology Then: The History of Psychology

Learning Objective 1.2 – How did
structuralism and functionalism differ, and who were the important people in
those early fields?

17. The general curiosity
about why people think, feel, and behave the way they do

a) primarily happened after
World War II.

b) is about a century old.

c) is several centuries
old.

d) has always probably been
with us.

18. Which of the following
most accurately reflects the authors’ views about the influence of philosophy
and physiology on present day psychology?

a) Only philosophy
continues to influence psychology.

b) Philosophy continues to
influence psychology more so than physiology.

c) Physiology continues to
influence psychology more so than philosophy.

d) Both disciplines,
philosophy and physiology, continue to influence psychology.

19. In
1879, in Leipzig, Germany, the first psychological laboratory was overseen by
______________.

a) William James

b) William Tell

c) Wilhelm Wundt

d) Sigmund Freud

20. At the close of the
nineteenth century, Gerhard is excited to find that he has been accepted for
training in the psychology laboratory of Wilhelm Wundt. It is likely that
Gerhard will be trained to ________________.

a) analyze how to break down his
sensations into their most basic elements

b) determine the function or
purpose of a particular human behavior

c) listen intently while
individuals tell him of their depression or nervousness

d) carefully feel the bumps on a
person’s head in order to determine his or her character traits

 
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