forerunners of psychology developed the theory of phrenology, which in Greek

a. a map of thoughts.

b. a map of behavior.

c. study of the mind.

d. study of mental diseases.

32. Phrenology:

a. is
a modern perspective in psychology.

b. is the study of the thought processes and
behaviors of criminals.

c. is a theory arguing that the mind works by
associating ideas arising from experiences.

d. is a pseudoscience relating the bumps on
one’s head to personality traits.

33. Andie claims that phrenology is a
pseudoscience and not a true science. Which of the following statements
supports her claim?

a. When phrenologists found large “stealing”
bumps on the head of a person who was not
a thief, they concluded that other positive bumps
held this characteristic in check.

b. Most of the phrenologists received
inadequate training in the analysis of head bumps and so there were variations in their predictions.

c. Phrenologists relied heavily on the theories
of Charles Darwin, and yet they could not link the bumps to evolutionary adaptation.

d. When “bumps” did not accurately explain a
person’s characteristics, the phrenologists explained the contradiction by hypothesizing traumatic childhood experiences.

34. Which of the following was a classic
pseudoscientific theory that related bumps on the head to personality traits
and did not disappear until well into the twentieth century?

a. introspection

b. functionalism

c. phrenology

d. behaviorism

35. Sam,
a business-owner, sought the help of a friend to find out which employees were
likely to be loyal and honest if
hired. The friend examined the bumps on the heads of all applicants and gave
Sam a list of the employees he
should hire. Sam’s friend is a _______________.

a. sociologist

b. alchemist

c. psychiatrist

d. phrenologist

36. _______________
established the first psychological laboratory in 1879.

a. Sigmund Freud

b. John Locke

c. William James

d. Wilhelm Wundt

37. The
first psychological laboratory was officially established by Wilhelm Wundt in:

a. America.

b. Holland.

c. Germany.

d. Russia.

38. The
first person to announce that he intended to make psychology a science was:

a. William James.

b. Joseph Gall.

c. John Locke.

d. Wilhelm Wundt.

39. _______________
is revered by psychologists because he was the first person to announce that he
intended to make psychology a science.

a. Wilhelm Wundt

b. William James

c. Sigmund Freud

d. Joseph Gall

40. Wilhelm
Wundt is known for:

a. initiating the movement to make psychology
a science.

b. developing eight guidelines for critical

c. establishing phrenology as a science.

d. training doctors to treat mental illness.


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