Systematically collecting data in real-world environments is the essence of which descriptive research method?

Systematically
collecting data in real-world environments is the essence of which descriptive
research method?

a) case studies

b) naturalistic
observation

c) surveys

d) correlational
research

112. Which research method involves watching behaviors
as they occur without intervening or altering the behaviors in any way?

a)
case study

b)
experiment

c)
correlational studies

d)
naturalistic observation

113. When you watch dogs
play in the park or watch how your professors conduct their classes, you are
engaging in a form of ______.

a) case study research

b) naturalistic observation

c) survey research

d) psychometric study

114. Sam conducted a naturalistic observation as a
project for a psychology class. He observed the interactions of parents and
children at a restaurant. Many of the people he observed seemed to notice him.
When Sam described his work to his teacher, she suggested he find out more
about the _________________.

a)
restaurant effect

b)
parent effect

c)
butterfly effect

d)
observer effect

115. Dr. Littman-Smith is
conducting research in Kenya into the ways that mothers and their toddlers
interact throughout the day. Given the purpose of her study, it is most likely
that she is engaged in ______________________.

a)
naturalistic observation

b)
laboratory observation

c) case study research

d) experimental research

116. Kerri wanted to study the effects of having the
oldest child in a family go off to college. She decided to use her own family
after her brother went off to a college in France. She took notes each day on
her parents’ behavior and kept a diary on her own reactions. Kerri was using
the technique called ____________________.

a)
participant observation

b)
family survey

c)
observer bias

d) attribution effect

117. Sandi believes that people who eat at McDonald’s
are overweight, so she decides to do a naturalistic observation of people who
eat at McDonald’s. What should most concern us about Sandi’s observations?

a)
the observer effect

b)
the bystander effect

c)
observer bias

d) subject bias

Learning
Objective 1.8
 – How are case studies
and surveys used to describe behavior, and what are some drawbacks to each of
these methods?

118. A detailed description
of a particular individual being studied or treated is called
______________________.

a)
a representative sample

b)
a case study

c)
a single-blind study

d)
a naturalistic observation

119. In the 1970s, a
13-year-old girl was found locked up in a room, strapped to a potty chair.
Since she had grown up in a world without human speech, researchers studied
“Genie’s” ability to acquire words, grammar, and pronunciation. This type of
research is called ________________________.

a)
a case study

b)
a representative sample

c)
a single-blind study

d)
a naturalistic observation

120. A
case study would be the most appropriate method to investigate which of these
topics?

a) The ways in which the games of boys differ from the
games of girls.

b) The development of a male baby raised as a female
after a surgical error destroyed his penis.

c) The math skills of students in Japan as compared to
those of U.S. students.

d) Physiological changes that occur when people watch
violent movies.

 
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