Structuralism was an early psychological approach that emphasized the purpose of behavior and consciousness.

Titchener gave Wilhelm Wundt’s approach the name “structuralism.”

47. Structuralism
was an early psychological approach that emphasized the purpose of behavior and
consciousness.

48. Structuralism was an early
psychological approach that emphasized the analysis of an immediate experience into basic elements.

Early
psychologists who emphasized how behavior helps an organism adapt to its
environment were known as
structuralists.

50. One of the common research methods used
by structuralists was phrenology.

51. Functionalism was an early
psychological approach that emphasized the purpose of behavior and consciousness.

52. Functionalism was an early
psychological approach that emphasized the analysis of an immediate experience into basic elements.

53. William James, a functionalist, argued
that searching for building blocks of experience was a waste of time.

54. Wilhelm Wundt, an American
psychologist, was a popular functionalist.

55. “How”
and “why” an organism does something were the concerns of functionalists.

56. Early psychologists who emphasized how
behavior helps an organism adapt to its environment were known as functionalists.

57. The phrase “stream of consciousness”
is closely associated with Sigmund Freud.

58. The phrase “stream of consciousness”
is closely associated with William James.

59. Sigmund Freud argued that many of his
patients’ symptoms had mental, not physical, causes.

60. Sigmund Freud argued that many of his
patients’ symptoms had undiagnosed physical causes rather than mental causes.

 
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