If an individual believed that why people think and feel as they do is more important than what they think and how they think, that individual would be a proponent of the ________approach to psychology.

If an individual
believed that why people think and feel as they do is more important than what
they think and how they think, that individual would be a proponent of the
________approach to psychology.

a) structuralist

b) functionalist

c) psychodynamic

d) behaviorist

32. If a functionalist from the 1870s were alive
today, where would we most likely find him?

a)
in a laboratory, studying principles of perception

b)
in a school, working to improve teaching methods

c)
in a mountain retreat, contemplating the meaning of life

d)
in a sleep laboratory, trying to determine if our need for sleep is
biologically based

33. Which psychologist was the first African-American
to receive a Ph.D. in educational psychology from the University of Chicago in
1925?

a)
Charles Henry Thompson

b)
Linus Pauling

c)
Albert Sidney Beckham

d)
Inez Beverly Prosser

34. While Margaret Floy Washburn may have been the
first woman to receive a Ph.D. in psychology in the United States (in 1894),
the first African-American woman to do so was _________ in 1934 at the
University of Minnesota.

a)
Inez Beverly Prosser

b)
Ruth Howard

c)
Margaret Mahler

d)
Anna Freud

35. Which noted African-American psychologist held a
post as president of Shaw University in North Carolina and then president of
Virginia State College?

a)
Charles Henry Thompson

b)
Howard Hale Long

c)
Robert Prentiss Daniel

d)
Albert Sidney Beckham

Learning Objective
1.3
 – What were the basic ideas and
who were the important people behind the early approaches known as Gestalt,
psychoanalysis, and behaviorism?

36. Which type of early psychologist believed that
“the whole is more than the sum of its parts”?

a) Gestaltist

b) behaviorist

c) structuralist

d) functionalist

37. “The whole is greater
than the sum of the parts” is a statement associated with the perspective
of ______________ .

a)
introspection

b)
functionalism

c)
psychoanalysis

d)
Gestalt psychologists

38. While on a visit to a large city, you observe
several billboards in which a series of lights seems to move. Which perspective
in psychology would most likely help you understand this phenomenon?

a) Gestalt

.

b) behavioral

c) humanistic

d) psychodynamic

39. Gestalt psychology
attempted to discover

a) how the mind helped
people adapt to the world.

b) the overall patterns of
perceptions and thoughts.

c) the basic building
blocks of consciousness.

d) the unconscious motivations
for human functioning.

 
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