Do the religious accommodation provisions of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act violate the Establishment Clause?

Thornton worked as a manager at a Connecticut retail store. In accordance with his religious beliefs, Thornton notified his manager that he could no longer work on Sundays as required by company (Caldor, Inc.) policy. A Connecticut statute provided that: “No person who states that a particular day of the week is observed as his Sabbath may be required by his employer to work on such day. An employee’s refusal to work on his Sabbath shall not constitute grounds for his dismissal.” Management offered Thornton the options of transferring to a Massachusetts store where Sunday work was not required or transferring to a lower-paying supervisory job in the Connecticut store. Thornton refused both, and he was transferred to a lower-paying clerical job in the Connecticut store. Thornton claimed a violation of the Connecticut statute. The store argued that the statute violated the Establishment Clause (see Chapter 5) of the First Amendment, which forbids establishing an official state religion and giving preference to one religion over another or over none at all. Ultimately the case reached the U.S. Supreme Court. a. Decide. Explain. b. Do the religious accommodation provisions of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act violate the Establishment Clause? See Estate of Thornton v. Caldor, Inc., 472 U.S. 703 (1985).


 

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Calculate a value for these implicit costs. c. What are Khadijas accounting profits

Khadija operates a business that prints designs on T-shirts. Khadija Show more PLES HELP WITH THIS PROBLEM Q1. Khadija operates a business that prints designs on T-shirts. Khadijas total revenue per year equals $500000. The cost of labor per year is $125000 the cost of raw materials and supplies is $200000 per year while the value of capital for the business is $200000. Khadija knows she could earn $50000 per year working as a printer at a competitors business. She also knows she could sell her business and the land it sits on for $600000 and earn 10% a year on these funds. a. What are Khadijas explicit costs? Calculate a value for these explicit costs. b. What are Khadijas implicit costs? Calculate a value for these implicit costs. c. What are Khadijas accounting profits? d. What are Khadijas economic profits? Show less


 

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what point does victimization become outweighed by the requirements to accept responsibility for their decisions and actions

Question
Do you agree with the notion that juvenile offenses are a response by young people to being victimized by such life factors as poverty, broken families, and poor schools and neighborhoods? If such victimization can be used to defend criminal behavior in juveniles, why shouldn’t it be used to defend criminal behavior in adults? For youths, at what point does victimization become outweighed by the requirements to accept responsibility for their decisions and actions


 

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Create the drawing of the new square flange.

1. Create the flange model shown in Figure 2.32 . Also, create the drawing of the part. All dimensions are in inches. 2. Modify the flange model shown in Figure 2.32 as follows: a. Change the circular flange to a square flange. The length of the square side is equal to the diameter of the flange outside circle, i.e. 8.5 inch as shown in Section AA in Figure 2.32. b. Change the hub to be cylindrical instead of conical. Use the larger diameter of the current conical hub as the diameter for the new cylindrical hub. c. Use 8 holes as the current hub, spaced equally along the edges of the square. Create the drawing of the new square flange.


 

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