Write 8 pages thesis on the topic parliamentary government vs. presidential government. Parliamentary systems usually have a clear differentiation between the prime minister, who is the head of the government, and the head of state often being an elected president or hereditary monarch. Though in Parliamentary systems the prime minister and cabinet will exercise executive power on a day-to-day basis, the actual authority will usually be bestowed on the head of state, giving them many codified or uncodified reserve powers, providing some balance to these systems.
A presidential system, also called a congressional system, is a system of government where an executive branch exists and presides separately from the legislature, to which it is not accountable and which cannot in normal circumstances dismiss it. In a full-fledged presidential system, a president is chosen by the people to be the head of the executive branch. Presidential governments make no distinction between the positions of head of state and head of government, both of which are held by the president Presidents in presidential systems are always active participants in the political process, though the extent of their relative power may be influenced by the political makeup of the legislature and whether their supporters or opponents have the dominant position therein.
. The executive branch in a parliamentary form is dependent upon the direct or indirect support of the legislative branch and often includes members of the legislature. Thus, this would amount to the executive possessing more votes in order to pass legislation. In a presidential system, the executive is often chosen independently from the legislature. If the executive and legislature in such a system include members entirely or predominantly from different political parties, then stalemate can occur.
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The parliamentary form lies on a firm basis of democracy as it is a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them. It can also be argued that power is more evenly spread out in the power structure of parliamentarians. The head of government seldom tends to have as high importance as a ruling president, and there tends to be a higher focus on voting for a party and its political ideas than voting for an actual person.