Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on human organs as commodities in the global capitalist system. Explored and related to the political economy that arises from dependent development theory and inequalities (Nash 393), another form of the commodity has emerged, the commodity of human organs. While a global organ transplant system may have been inconceivable a century ago, it is now a flourishing, although largely as covert and illegal, global industry. The research intends to study human organs and its commodification using the concept of the world capitalist system that has Marxist and postmodernist concepts.
The paper aims to describe the conversation that depicts organ transplantation as a process of commodification of human organs and its implications for the commodification of human life and to explore the conflicts within this conversation, especially in the context of oppositions between modernist and postmodernist views of the world system. These oppositions are contextualized in the process of globalization. Globalization pertains to:
social, economic, cultural, and demographic processes that take place within nations but also transcend them, such that attention limited to local processes, identities, and units of analysis yields incomplete understanding of the local…the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa. (Kearney 548).
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Globalization supports the world system where economic transactions erase geographic boundaries. Moreover, the topic of human organ commodification is chosen because of the interest in how the commodification of human organs works and to synthesize the numerous anthropological and related studies done on it. The global capitalist system commodifies human organs in the context of modernism (dependent development theory and Marxist commodification theory) and postmodernism, thereby turning humans and their organs as commodities to be sold and exchanged in both legal and illegal organs.