Complete 6 pages APA formatted article: Elections and Politics. Canada’s government structure is described to be as Westminster Style Federal Parliamentary Democracy within a Constitutional Monarchy. It was in 1864 during the Charlestown Conference that Canada was proclaimed to be a constitutional monarchy. In such types of government, power is not in the hands of only one person or a particular leader who thinks of what can be beneficial to all Canadian Politics is being linked to what is being pertained to as a single-member plurality electoral system. According to Grofman et al. (2009, 31):
“…the mechanical operation of single-member plurality meant that the Liberal breakthrough in votes was hardly reflected at all in its parliamentary representation.”
There are biases engaged in this type of electoral system. Though the said electoral system has its share of strengths, yet there are also downsides towards it. As earlier stated, one of the downsides is the presence of bias. During past elections, it has been concluded by law scholars that in the single-member plurality electoral system, the occurrence or absence of discrimination cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, such an electoral system makes the election impartial to those who might already be in power or influence popularity or social stature.
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. . . . . . . . . . . One of the Canadian government’s alternative electoral systems is the single transferrable vote (STV). This type of electoral system was raised in Canada in 2004, after the British Columbia Citizens’ Assembly. As Heard stated at the SFU.CA website (2012) that:
“The STV system raises the probability that the main parties’ share of seats in the legislature will be somewhat proportional to their share of votes. . In this system, a country or province is divided into smaller regions, and several members will be elected from each region.”
. . . . . . . . . . . With the STV system, though there is still no assurance of eliminating bias, local politicians will have more opportunities to assume the post. The selection of leaders will not be concentrated on just the capital of the state. instead, it will be focused per region. It is the election that will be affected and the leadership since there will be a regional factor that will arise once this particular system will be used on an election.