Write 2 pages thesis on the topic diabetic ketoacidosis v hyperglycamic hyperosmolar state. Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Coma Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the pancreas which aids the cells in converting glucose into energy by facilitating the rapid uptake of glucose by the muscles, adipose tissue and liver. A high-carbohydrate meal would signal the production of insulin to begin the conversion process. When the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin, glucose is retained in the blood, leaving the muscles and other tissues deprived of glucose and thus result to a disease called diabetes. Hyperglycemia, or high glucose levels, would in the long run cause nerve damage, which would lead to complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney diseases, blindness, nerve problems, gum infections and amputation. There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is formerly known as juvenile diabetes, simply because it is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 2 diabetes, or adult-onset diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes as it can develop at any age. The failure of the muscles and liver to use insulin properly forces the pancreas to produce more insulin until such time that it can no longer cope with the demand and lose its ability to secrete insulin. Gestational diabetes is the kind that is associated with a woman’s pregnancy (“Diagnosis of Diabetes”).
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