Hi, need to submit a 1500 words paper on the topic An Identity That Rises from the Ashes. He surveyed literature that wrote about Roman identity, specifically those that pertained to culture, class/ status, and gender identity. Under cultural identity, it was explained that a group of people with similar culture recognizes their differences with other groups in terms of “acting and being… the possession of similar cultural traits, such as language, styles of dress, personal adornment, material objects and particular ways of behaving” (Pitts: 695). It was evident from Pitt’s comparison of literature that sociocultural change in the Roman period is punctuated by a great diversity of cultural identity rather than a convergence of one Roman culture. Studying such diversity enriches one’s understanding of Roman identity, however, Pitts argues that there is danger in this approach in that one can look for diversity for diversity’s sake instead of seeing how the diversity played within the context of the Roman empire (696). Although this was only a warning, it pre-empts an individual’s intention to go deeper in learning about diversity. Pitt’s contention of “looking for diversity for diversity’s sake” is quite shallow and underestimates a reader’s capacity to see the whole picture.
In the category of class and status, the positioning of individuals in the Roman social hierarchy is studied. Most of the literature surveyed was dominated by topics on elites and state institutions such as the military. However, this category has triggered interest in material culture identified with certain social segments. For example, the higher echelons of society generated material culture related to epigraphy, monumentality, literature, and art while those pertaining to small finds and pottery had more distinct differences in terms of design and use by the high and low-status social spheres.  .It is actually interesting to learn what things were used by people and how this represented their status in society, and how such us reflected the culture of the times. . However, one should have adequate knowledge about the diversity of Roman culture to explain such material culture and correlate it with the period it was used.
Pitts explains that the category of gender identity was not discussed much in the literature, although in recent years, there was more interest in this area of Roman culture. . The lack of knowledge regarding gender differences or how each gender was regarded gives a lopsided study on Roman culture. The emphasis on cultural or ethnic identities should be balanced with the investigation of class, status, and gender in Roman culture (698).
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