Discuss Cultural Considerations in International Project Management.

Write 5 pages with APA style on Cultural Considerations in International Project Management. Culture plays a significant role in binding such groups together. International projects are based on informal, boundary-spanning networks (Marrewijk, 2007). Since the participants come from diverse backgrounds, the project culture consists of multiple fragmented subcultures. Behavioral variables have a critical role in project success (Shore & Cross, 2005). Various dimensions of culture such as power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and individualism can influence the outcome of the project.

2. Cross-cultural studies conducted by Hofstede and Trompennars have given rise to cultural dimensions along which value systems have been defined. Since these value systems affect human thinking, feeling, and acting, and the behavior of organizations and institutions (Anbari, Khilkhanova, Romanova & Umpleby, 2000), the project managers or the ‘social architects’ need to have a deeper understanding (Marrewijk, 2007).

Hofstede distinguishes between individualism (people take care of themselves) and collectivism (people are cared for by the group) which affect relations between people (Shore & Cross, 2005). Different nations score differently on the Individualism Index and hence would affect the functioning of a group as a team.

Power distance is the degree to which power is distributed unequally among the members of a group. In high power distance cultures (Malaysia, Mexico) power is shared unequally whereas it is more equally shared in low power distance cultures (Austria, Denmark).

Culture can make its members feel comfortable or uncomfortable in certain situations. When the society or its members feel threatened there is a tendency to avoid the unknown and maintain orderliness, structure and laws (Shore & Cross, 2005).&nbsp.

 
"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!"

Background: You should read the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strateg

Background:
You should read the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025, available on the Assignment A02 page on LMS.
Objectives:
You need to produce a report that evaluates the content of the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025 and makes recommendations on the future ICT service management by the Council.
This plan was prepared prior to the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic. You are being asked to evaluate this plan at the present time (Semester 1, 2022), and so you should also consider the issues being faced by the Council in coping with the current conditions due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This includes the need for much of the workforce to work from home, and the need to rely on digital channels, such as video conferencing, to support interactions with customers, rate payers, supplies and other government agencies.
Specifically, you need to complete the following tasks:
Choose an ICT governance framework that you consider appropriate for the evaluation of the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025 and provide a justification for why you have chosen that particular ICT governance framework.
Evaluate the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025 against relevant criteria and guidelines that are derived from the chosen governance framework. You should not simply be critical but consider which components of the ICT governance framework are relevant to the objectives and context of the four key strategies in the plan. Consider the extent to which the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025 indicates an awareness of the provision of ICT service, ICT service management, ICT service orientation and ICT infrastructure management.
Provide a proposal that:
indicates how the Council could enhance its ICT service management and ICT service provision, in line with meeting the current and future needs of the Council;
is aligned with the Council’s key strategic themes, stated on pages 7-9 of the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025;
addresses the key gaps that you have identified in the current City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025; and
is aligned with guidelines from your chosen ICT governance framework
Please Note: This is an Infrastructure Proposal Report, and so step 3 above should be the most significant component of your report.
Requirements:
You should produce an ICT Infrastructure Proposal Report in the report format in the supplied template for this assignment on LMS.
You should choose a recognised ICT governance framework (ITILv3, ITIL4 or COBIT) that you consider relevant to the need to evaluate the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025 and justify your choice of that particular ICT governance framework.
You should analyse the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025 against criteria that are derived from the principles, guidelines and processes in your chosen ICT governance framework.
From this analysis you should identify a number of key gaps that you consider are missing from the City of Greater Dandenong’s Technology Strategy 2020-2023. There should a statement of justification to support each key gap, derived from your analysis.
You should produce a proposal that indicates how the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025 can enhance its ICT service provision and management. This would require proposal of new or enhanced digital services and the infrastructure requirements to deliver these services. This proposal must address the key gaps that you have identified in your analysis.
You should keep to the scope of the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025.
You may make any relevant assumptions about the City of Greater Dandenong IT and Digital Strategy 2020-2025 and must include those assumptions as explicit statements in your report.
Your report must address the tasks stated in the Objectives section above
Relationship of Assessment Criteria to Intended Learning Outcomes
Through this report you need to demonstrate that you have the knowledge and skills to:
Explain current trends in ICT infrastructure and their impacts on ICT infrastructure management [ILO1];
Demonstrate an awareness of current ICT governance frameworks and their relevance to the development of ICT infrastructure management plans and proposals [ILO2]; and
Demonstrate an understanding of the role and importance of ICT service provision and acquisition in the responsibilities of an ICT infrastructure manager [ILO5].
This assignment will be assessed according to the following weighted criteria:
Achievement of the Assignment Objectives [30%]
Demonstration of Intended Learning Outcome 1 [20%]
Demonstration of Intended Learning Outcome 2 [20%]
Demonstration of Intended Learning Outcome 5 [20%]
Achievement of the Generic Skills criteria will apply to the degree of understanding, and quality of content, structure and presentation of the assignment submission. [10%]
Report medium: Your report should be prepared as a PDF. In your document, please include hyperlinks to any web pages referenced in your report.
References: You must include a Reference list at the end of your report. Entries in the Reference list should be sorted alphabetically by author, then by year of publication for works by the same author(s). Every single idea you borrow from someone else should be cited in your Reference list, and where possible should include the page number from the source. Quotations, if used, should be in quotation marks (“…”) and should be EXACT.
You MUST use APA style referencing.
Expected time: Approximately 30 hours of work
Recommended length: 7 pages

 
"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!"

Discussion on An analysis of obesity.

Need help with my writing homework on An analysis of obesity. Write a 2500 word paper answering; Obesity results from an increase in the intake of calories than the individual can burn off by engaging in physical activity. In the modern day, lifestyles promote the consumption of food with calories more so the ones that have excessive fats as well as sugar (Egger & Swinburn, 2010, 110). For instance, the working population loves eating take away foods mainly, fries, hamburger and milkshake. The fast food average a total of about 1,500 calories in a single meal yet an average person requires 2,000 to 2,500 calories to maintain a normal weight (Lustig, 2011, p.54). Biologically, the body of an individual who consumes products with excess calories tends to store the excess energy as fat.

Lack of Physical Activity

The situation worsens because most of the individuals spend a lot of time sitting on sofas or at desks in the work place. Rarely do people with excess body fats walk or engage in cycling to exercise the body because of the overreliance on cars. Obese people always have the desire to relax the body (Freedman, 2009, p.7). It is a lot more likely to find obese individuals watching television or browsing on the internet than going to the gym. Obese children are no exception as many are the cases where parents drive and pick up such children to school (Bouchard, 2000, p. 331). The children have negative attitude towards engaging in tiring exercises and would rather play computer games.

Poor Diets

Many families have poor diets comprising of either beer, which has a lot of calories or sugary drinks as part the meal.

 
"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!"

paper that discusses apostles of disunion: southern secession commissioners and the causes of the civil war, charles dew.

Create a 6 pages page paper that discusses apostles of disunion: southern secession commissioners and the causes of the civil war, charles dew. The Union soldiers wanted the Confederate states to free the African American Slaves. On the other hand, the Southern States’ apostles of disunion (Southern Secession Commissioners) convinced the other Southern states to secede from the Union states as a matter of states’ right and to prevent the Republican (Union) states from meddling in the internal affairs of the Southern States. The Southern States’ 1860 to 1861 Apostles of Disunion came from Alabama, Lousiana, South Carolina, Mississippi, and Georgia.

Further, the author does not agree with the previous historians treated the topic of the slave issue of the civil war (Dew 1). The previous historians created an impression that the Southern states have to right to keep the slaves as person properties. The previous historians created an impression that the Union States are completely right in forcing the Southern States to free their personal property, the slave. This image runs counter to the constitution’s democratic principle of ownership of property and the right of the state to exercise its political, economic, social and other rights and power over its citizens and residents.

Furthermore, the author shows that some authors create an impression that the Southern states have a right to create and maintain their own destination (Dew 1). The same authors emphasize that the Southern States have the constitutional duty to prevent other states from preventing its political decision to maintain its own internal policies, including classifying the slaves as not equal to the White slave owners. The authors create an impression that the Southern States refuses marriages between African Americans and the superior White Race.

The author offers a vivid answer to the issue of Slavery (Dew 1). Likewise, the author clearly answers the question that the Southern States have the right to secede in order to prevent the Republican states from meddling in the&nbsp.internal political, social, economic and other policies of the Southern States.

 
"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!"