Revising a paper means improving the paper’s writing and/or content.  If there is insufficient improvement

This paper should be 2 pages long, typed in 12 font, double-spaced, with one inch margins all around.  The pages should be stapled together.  All your language and ideas and conclusions in your paper should be your own. If you have borrowed language, ideas or conclusions from any source, including our class readings and discussions, you MUST acknowledge that source and provide an appropriate citation.  Use the MLA citation format.
Since this is a Writing Enhanced course, students are encouraged to revise this paper.  Revising a paper means improving the paper’s writing and/or content.  If there is insufficient improvement, the grade will not be raised.  Revised papers are due one week after the papers are returned in class.
Answer ONE of the following:
1. How did the Carolingian kings define the goals of their government according to religious goals?   What religious meaning did they give to their actions? Did this ultimately strengthen their authority as rulers?
This paper concentrates on the following Carolingians: Pippin, 751-768; Charlemagne (768-814), first king and then emperor after 800; and Louis the Pious (emperor, 814-840).
The paper should rely on Wickham, Medieval Europe, ch. 4—“The Carolingian Experiment”; and the readings posted on Blackboard, in the folder “Carolingians,” which is posted below this assignment sheet.
The paper should begin by emphasizing the importance of the Carolingian alliance with the church.  This alliance began with the anointing of King Pippin in 751/754; see Wickham, p. 62; and “Medieval Sourcebook: Annals of Lorsch: The Pope Makes the Carolingians Kings.”  (one paragraph)
The next section of the paper discusses the Carolingian program of correction/ moral reform as their religious obligation as rulers.  See Wickham, pp. 68-75.  What were the goals of this reform, according to Wickham and “Medieval Sourcebook: Charlemagne: General Capitulary of the Missi (802)”?  Pay special attention to the “First chapter” and chapters 2 and 3 of this capitulary. (See p. 69 Wickham for counts, bishops, and missi; for an explanation of what a capitulary is, see Wickham, p. 70).
The last section of the paper discusses how the program of correction/ moral reform could work against the king, focusing on Louis the Pious’s vulnerability to accusations of sinfulness.  See Wickham, p. 63 for a quick overview of Louis’s reign; p 66 for his public penance at Attigny in 822, and pp. 72-74.
2.  What factors contributed to the formation of a kingdom of England in the 10th century?
This question depends on Wickham, ch. 5—“The Expansion of Christian Europe, 500-1100.”  This chapter begins with a general overview of northern/ eastern Europe.  Wickham suggests that there were two major characteristics in this region: small, weak kingdoms and kings; free peasants (pp. 82-84).  But that changed over the next few centuries, especially in England (pp. 85-89).
This essay focuses on the following:
conversion to Christianity—and the creation of a unified church by Theodore of Tarsus;
the development of more powerful kingdoms, (for example Offa’s kingdom of Mercia) based on military power, control of trade, and the wealth that came from “the slow development of private landowning, by kings and aristocrats . . . ” (87);
wars against the Vikings, won by the kings of Wessex (Alfred and his heirs).
Wickham gives a concise overview; if you want more information, read the following “chapters” from An Outline of English History by J. P. Sommerville: “Anglo-Saxon England”; “Anglo-Saxon England II”; “Anglo-Saxon England III: The Spread of Christianity”; “Anglo-Saxon England IV” (on Offa); “Anglo-Saxon England V: Wessex and the Vikings”; and “Anglo-Saxon England: Alfred the Great and his Successors.”
There are also maps on Anglo-Saxon England posted below, on this assignment sheet.
Writing assignments will be graded on clear development of a thesis, careful organization of material, accuracy in discussing the paper’s sources, understanding of historical events, and completeness in discussing the paper topic.  Papers should also be free of major writing errors.  This paper is worth 25% of the Final Grade.
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Draw a supply and demand diagram for the Apple iPod, a normal

Draw a supply and demand diagram for the Apple iPod, a normal good, for the month of December, 2005. Denote the initial equilibrium price and quantity as Po and Qo.Suppose during the month of December there is a decrease inhousehold income, and a technological advance inthe manufacture of iPods.&…
Decrease in household income = Demand Curve Shifted Left Increase in technology = Supply Curve Shifted Right Demand = Decreased Supply = Increased Price = Uncertain because you do not know if the demand or supplyis the…

ing factor (ie, if supply increased far more thandemand, then the price would drop and vice versa) Quantity = Also Uncertain for the same reason above


 

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Explain why you believe the statement is true or false.

Decide if you agree or disagree with the following statement: “If everyone were moral, there would be no need for ethics.” Explain why you believe the statement is true or false.


 

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Calculate thecross-elasticity of demand between A and B using PB= 2 and 3. Are Aand B complements or substitutes?

Studiesindicate that the income elasticity of demand for servants

Studiesindicate that the income elasticity of demand for servants

Question

1)

a. Studiesindicate that the income elasticity of demand for servants in the United Statesexceeds 1. However, the number of servants has been decreasing during the last75 years, while incomes have risen significantly.How can these facts bereconciled?<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = “urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office” />

b. Universityenrollments have increased substantially during the last recession. Onepossible explanation is that the cost of university education has decreased.However, this in fact is not true. Give two other possible explanations (withat least one of these explanations not relying on explicit costs andbenefits).

2)

Assume that the demand for product A is QA= 500 –5 PA + 3 PB, and the demand for product B is QB=300 – 2 PB+ PA.

Currently, market prices and quantities for A and B are PA=5,PB=2, QA=481, and QB=301.

a. Suppose the price of Brises to 3. What happens to QB and QA? What is the priceelasticity of demand for product B?

b. Calculate thecross-elasticity of demand between A and B using PB= 2 and 3. Are Aand B complements or substitutes?

3)

In the 1990s, the chicken market responded to two specific“shocks”:

– Many consumers became awareof the potential health problems associated with eating too much red meat.

– The technology in the feed,hatchery, and breeding stages of producing chickens improved.

a) Show and describe theeffect of these changes on the market for chicken. Clearly identify the new andold prices and quantities.

b) Can you use the (data on)prices and quantities identified in a) to estimate the demand equation forchicken? Can you use them to estimate the supply equation for chicken? Explain

Studiesindicate that the income elasticity of demand for servants


 

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